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Director — Andrey Klimenko
Purpose: the use of performance management (PM) tools is a defining characteristic of public sector management. However, while research on PM is extensive, comparatively little focuses on how the practice shapes the attitudes and behavior of employees. This article addresses this question and develops a conditional process model that links PM to turnover intention. The model predicts that the PM-turnover relationship is mediated by job satisfaction and moderated by job-goal alignment.
Design and methodology: We use a unique dataset drawn from the Russian public sector to test the model empirically. Conditional process modeling is used to test for moderated mediation. The effects are further explored using bootstrapped bias-corrected confidence intervals.
Findings: The analysis suggests that PM has an indirect effect on turnover intention via job satisfaction in the average case. However, the indirect effect is stronger for employees who perceive that their work contributes directly to organizational goals. In contrast, for employees whose work lacks organizational goal alignment, PM has no significant effect.
Originality: Despite being an instrument to manage organizational (including human) resources, few studies have linked PM to employee-level outcomes. By doing so, this study implies promising research paths that can help generate a more complete picture of how PM shapes organizational processes in the public sector.
Information openness and stakeholders’ involvement through ICT become the driving factors of public organization change. In this paper an “ecosystem” approach is embraced to study social sphere organizations (SSO), such as hospitals, schools, and libraries. SSO report on their activities by publishing information on the Web which can be used to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of these organizations by the public. The opening of data transforms the relationship between SSO and other stakeholders. In this paper the institutionalization of SSO evaluation system in Russia is studied. The critical role of open data is demonstrated and the inclusion of stakeholders’ was found to be a key factor to make the evaluation system truly effective. Our study reveals that an ecosystem approach to ensures that stakeholder demands are included in the SSO evaluation and assessment process. Finally, by summarizing Russian experiences we conclude with problem-oriented recommendations for open government tools application to institutionalize government practices targeted for open government principles implementation.
The comparative analysis of systems of Ggovernance in BRICS countries is described. The main principles of such an analysis are to compare in details some aspects of the reforms of governance, including: main challenges; history of reforms; actors of reforms; main elements and areas of reforms.
Purpose. In this paper we compare the open government data ecosystems of Mexico, Russia and the United States in an effort to extract some of the major points of similarity and differentiation between these countries, and to trace how variations in these ecosystems may be related to context-specific historical problems and politics, particularly with regard to the possibility of sustained and institutionalized practice. Methodology. We take a comparative approach, using a set of concepts commonly applied to the three countries to analyze similarities and differences within this group. We gathered textual data and information, our searches for relevant documents guided by a set of concepts or criteria that are frequently employed in studies of government’s open data readiness assessment. Findings. We conclude by focusing on the very different national exigencies that have given rise to open data ecosystems in the three countries, the variations in policy vehicles and implementation schemes that have instantiated open data practices within the three ecosystems, and the common challenges that each country faces in institutionalizing open government data programs beyond the tenures of their current executives. Originality/Value. Open government data is an information policy with near global relevance and increasing application. Practitioners and scholars alike have used the concept of an “ecosystem” to guide their approach to implementing this policy and to theorizing its scope and benefits. The international comparison is original and adds to our current understanding of an ecosystem approach to open government data
This panel features researchers from six countries which sufficiently vary in culture, historic and current governance traditions and models, size, economic situation, social capital and geographic location. All their national governments implement OGD policy with certain degrees of success and failure. The panelists will present short reports (up to 10 minutes) explaining the current situation in the country which he/she represents by using ecosystem approach.
Authors develop a new approach to study one’s relationships with others, which focuses on the conditions and the effects of dialogical nature of a person. Theoretical modeling, hermeneutics, qualitative and quantitative methods are applied. The solution for detecting the conditions of self-development and social positioning of a person, which are rooted in dialogical I-Other relationships are suggested. The originality of the paper is associated with describing the relation to the other as the reflexive I-Other relationship; with elaborated model that highlights how different dimensions of I-Other relationships (between I and Other, I-in-Other, Other-in-Me, I-in-Myself) leads to truly dialogical mode of being; with revealing the potentials of Conversation Partner in dialogical I-Other relationships (subjective interrelations and significance of Conversation Partners, their activity, fullness of reflection of significant Conversation Partners); with description of different hypostases of Conversation Partners (Real, Ideal, Secret, I as Myself) by the means of hermeneutics. “My Conversation Partner” method is also should be mentioned, as well as empirical study of existential and social resources of Conversation Partners. Theoretical background of the study is formed by the works of M.M. Bakhtin, M. Buber, M. Heidegger, J-P Sartre. E. Levinas, as well as by the works of modern psychologists such as G.M. Kuchinsky, A.V. Rossohin, E.B. Starovoytenko, Brown C.T.& Keller P.W., Hermans H.J.M., Rivetti Ваrbo F., etc. As the results of a current research have shown, the potentials of social adaptivity, affiliation, dominating, positive solitude, joy of solitude, freedom, self-transcendence, existential fulfillment are associated with the richness of one's Conversation Partners.
The article analyses the system of public governance in Russia, including two main sub-divisions of reforms, namely, civil service reform, and administrative reform. The authors examine the principal historical stages of both reforms as the parts of the Russian system of public governance evolution. The configuration of main actors of Russian governance reforms and of government–market relations are presented. The paper focuses on generalising some major characteristics of the administrative mechanisms of governance in Russia as the complex and interlinked entities. Some key elements of Russian governance reforms are described, including organisational aspects of civil service, optimisation of the functions and structure of the executive bodies, implementation of results-based management mechanisms and improvement of the regulatory system, public services delivery, one stop shop procedures, E-government.
U.S. and European scholars have established the association between work in government and public service motivation (PSM). Yet, few studies measure PSM among master of public administration (MPA) students and link it to their intention to work in government. For the first time in Russia, the study tests the association between culturally determined measures of prosocial motives of Russian MPA students and their intention to work for government upon graduation. Three theoretical frameworks help structuring this research: public administration, political trust, and volunteering. The data in this study confirm that Russian MPA students with prosocial motives tend to choose work in government. We explain this phenomenon by deriving the prosocial motive theoretical perspective from the larger concept of PSM and from the theory of political trust. In addition, the study finds that formal and informal volunteering is not related to choosing work in government. The implications of these findings are discussed.
After decades of dominant Marxism-Leninism, the post-Soviet Russian political space offers a multiplicity of discourses associated with the contemprary state and its various organs - such as the party, the presidential administration, the burocracies and media - or with the different places of ideological production revealing plurality and fluidity within Russian political languages and evoking many of the neo-conservativist ideological constructs promoted by the Kremlin. The apparent demise of Russian notions of Liberalism, its polymorphism, the influence of the Soviet experience, perestroika, the effects of the turbulent 1990s, in addiction to the effect of Western thought and foreign policies on Russia's liberal ideas and expectations, determine the role of the remaining institutions and actors that promote political , economic, and constitutional liberalism and manifest an alternative discourse that, although weakened, is still credible.
The Administrative permit system is an important tool to protect the constitutional order, the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, public health and morals, national security in any national legal regime.
Earlier researches on the Russian permitting system don't include the issues related to the assessment of the number of permit types and the quality of regulatory of permitting activities. The article aims to fill this gap. It presents a study of the Russian permitting system using both the legal and statistical methods of research.
The authors identified 22 forms of permitting activity, which are divided into two groups. The first group includes 9 typical (the most abundant) forms of permitting activity. The second group included atypical forms, which are numerically small permits. 541 permits has been revealed during the inventory, including 465 standard and 76 atypical.
The authors investigated the quality of regulatory in this area. A proper regulatory basis does not exist in respect of 5% of permits, detailed legal regulation - in respect of 10% of the permits. Administrative regulations have not been approved in respect of 35% of permits.
The article describes the shortcomings of the Russian system of permits. Systemic problems are related to the lack of codified law on permitting activity. The most significant problems are: lack of legislative definition of permits, policies and performance standards; the absence of legislation establishing the closed lists of permits; lack of a unified accounting system of permits. The authors provide methods of solving these problems.
The article is devoted to the activities of the Russian Government and federal executive bodies on preparation, discussion and examination of bills on preparlament stage. The authors argues that the efficiency of the federal legislative process is largely dependent on method of organization of law drafting activities of the Russian Government. The article deals with three major shortcomings of law drafting activities of the Government, dramatically reducing its efficiency: the lack of a systematic regulation, excessive complication of the procedure of bill’s preparation, the lack of normative timeframe for completion of individual stages. Particular attention is paid to identifying duplication: preparing of government bills includes 3 public examination, similar in content and form; 2 legal examination with the same subject and 2 partially overlapping examination, evaluating the impact of the bill on the business environment. The author formulated proposals for solution, based on the analysis of deficiencies.
The collecvtive monography is deducated to the subject of the Management of personnel in public/state organizations. The main chapters of the monography are: Recruiting, carrier trajectories and conflicts in state organizatios; effectiveness and result-oriented activity of the personnel of state organizations; Values, image and labor market; Professional competencies and training of civil servants.