Purpose. In this paper we compare the open government data ecosystems of Mexico, Russia and the United States in an effort to extract some of the major points of similarity and differentiation between these countries, and to trace how variations in these ecosystems may be related to context-specific historical problems and politics, particularly with regard to the possibility of sustained and institutionalized practice. Methodology. We take a comparative approach, using a set of concepts commonly applied to the three countries to analyze similarities and differences within this group. We gathered textual data and information, our searches for relevant documents guided by a set of concepts or criteria that are frequently employed in studies of government’s open data readiness assessment. Findings. We conclude by focusing on the very different national exigencies that have given rise to open data ecosystems in the three countries, the variations in policy vehicles and implementation schemes that have instantiated open data practices within the three ecosystems, and the common challenges that each country faces in institutionalizing open government data programs beyond the tenures of their current executives. Originality/Value. Open government data is an information policy with near global relevance and increasing application. Practitioners and scholars alike have used the concept of an “ecosystem” to guide their approach to implementing this policy and to theorizing its scope and benefits. The international comparison is original and adds to our current understanding of an ecosystem approach to open government data
This panel features researchers from six countries which sufficiently vary in culture, historic and current governance traditions and models, size, economic situation, social capital and geographic location. All their national governments implement OGD policy with certain degrees of success and failure. The panelists will present short reports (up to 10 minutes) explaining the current situation in the country which he/she represents by using ecosystem approach.
Authors develop a new approach to study one’s relationships with others, which focuses on the conditions and the effects of dialogical nature of a person. Theoretical modeling, hermeneutics, qualitative and quantitative methods are applied. The solution for detecting the conditions of self-development and social positioning of a person, which are rooted in dialogical I-Other relationships are suggested. The originality of the paper is associated with describing the relation to the other as the reflexive I-Other relationship; with elaborated model that highlights how different dimensions of I-Other relationships (between I and Other, I-in-Other, Other-in-Me, I-in-Myself) leads to truly dialogical mode of being; with revealing the potentials of Conversation Partner in dialogical I-Other relationships (subjective interrelations and significance of Conversation Partners, their activity, fullness of reflection of significant Conversation Partners); with description of different hypostases of Conversation Partners (Real, Ideal, Secret, I as Myself) by the means of hermeneutics. “My Conversation Partner” method is also should be mentioned, as well as empirical study of existential and social resources of Conversation Partners. Theoretical background of the study is formed by the works of M.M. Bakhtin, M. Buber, M. Heidegger, J-P Sartre. E. Levinas, as well as by the works of modern psychologists such as G.M. Kuchinsky, A.V. Rossohin, E.B. Starovoytenko, Brown C.T.& Keller P.W., Hermans H.J.M., Rivetti Ваrbo F., etc. As the results of a current research have shown, the potentials of social adaptivity, affiliation, dominating, positive solitude, joy of solitude, freedom, self-transcendence, existential fulfillment are associated with the richness of one's Conversation Partners.
The article analyses the system of public governance in Russia, including two main sub-divisions of reforms, namely, civil service reform, and administrative reform. The authors examine the principal historical stages of both reforms as the parts of the Russian system of public governance evolution. The configuration of main actors of Russian governance reforms and of government–market relations are presented. The paper focuses on generalising some major characteristics of the administrative mechanisms of governance in Russia as the complex and interlinked entities. Some key elements of Russian governance reforms are described, including organisational aspects of civil service, optimisation of the functions and structure of the executive bodies, implementation of results-based management mechanisms and improvement of the regulatory system, public services delivery, one stop shop procedures, E-government.
U.S. and European scholars have established the association between work in government and public service motivation (PSM). Yet, few studies measure PSM among master of public administration (MPA) students and link it to their intention to work in government. For the first time in Russia, the study tests the association between culturally determined measures of prosocial motives of Russian MPA students and their intention to work for government upon graduation. Three theoretical frameworks help structuring this research: public administration, political trust, and volunteering. The data in this study confirm that Russian MPA students with prosocial motives tend to choose work in government. We explain this phenomenon by deriving the prosocial motive theoretical perspective from the larger concept of PSM and from the theory of political trust. In addition, the study finds that formal and informal volunteering is not related to choosing work in government. The implications of these findings are discussed.
After decades of dominant Marxism-Leninism, the post-Soviet Russian political space offers a multiplicity of discourses associated with the contemprary state and its various organs - such as the party, the presidential administration, the burocracies and media - or with the different places of ideological production revealing plurality and fluidity within Russian political languages and evoking many of the neo-conservativist ideological constructs promoted by the Kremlin. The apparent demise of Russian notions of Liberalism, its polymorphism, the influence of the Soviet experience, perestroika, the effects of the turbulent 1990s, in addiction to the effect of Western thought and foreign policies on Russia's liberal ideas and expectations, determine the role of the remaining institutions and actors that promote political , economic, and constitutional liberalism and manifest an alternative discourse that, although weakened, is still credible.
The Administrative permit system is an important tool to protect the constitutional order, the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, public health and morals, national security in any national legal regime.
Earlier researches on the Russian permitting system don't include the issues related to the assessment of the number of permit types and the quality of regulatory of permitting activities. The article aims to fill this gap. It presents a study of the Russian permitting system using both the legal and statistical methods of research.
The authors identified 22 forms of permitting activity, which are divided into two groups. The first group includes 9 typical (the most abundant) forms of permitting activity. The second group included atypical forms, which are numerically small permits. 541 permits has been revealed during the inventory, including 465 standard and 76 atypical.
The authors investigated the quality of regulatory in this area. A proper regulatory basis does not exist in respect of 5% of permits, detailed legal regulation - in respect of 10% of the permits. Administrative regulations have not been approved in respect of 35% of permits.
The article describes the shortcomings of the Russian system of permits. Systemic problems are related to the lack of codified law on permitting activity. The most significant problems are: lack of legislative definition of permits, policies and performance standards; the absence of legislation establishing the closed lists of permits; lack of a unified accounting system of permits. The authors provide methods of solving these problems.
Government agencies are actively implementing performance measurement instruments (PM). The eﬀect of these instruments on civil servants’ work environment is understudied. This study explores the link between performance measurement system implementation and civil servants’ job satisfaction. We analyze data from a survey of 277 civil servants using structural equation modelling (SEM). Our results show that employees working in organizations with implemented PM systems are more satisfied with their jobs, demonstrate lower turnover intention, and are more result-oriented. These employees also show a higher organizational identification and have a clearer vision of organizational goals. The survey results indicate that PM tools have a significant potential in increasing job satisfaction among civil servants.
The government eff ectiveness increase remains a challengeable task in the current management research and practice agenda for the last decade. At the same time experts rather oft en propose as a solution tool for this task a formalized and complete description of federal executive authorities’ activity. The goal of this paper is the development of the automated federal authorities’ powers registry conception as a means to describe executive authorities’ activity. Th e registry implementation will help to realize the transfer to a new order of resource support for government authorities’ activity. In this paper we demonstrate the conception of legal regulation for the Registry (doing changes in President’s Order of March 9, 2004 № 314 «About a System and Structure of Federal Executive Authorities») and means of its update. Th e authors propose to manage the Registry in the format of government information system. The links between the Registry and other relevant government information systems are outlined as well. We describe possible attributes in the Registry. We design a mechanism for relationship establishment by means of the Registry between federal authorities’ powers and their provision process with personnel and fi nancial resources (including necessary changes in budgetary process).